What are pets

What are petsWhat are pets

Among the pets, we find some belonging to the five main categories of vertebrates. Mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish are all animals that make people company.

This means that alongside the usual dogs and cats there are very different animal species, some more widespread, others less so.

The attention that owners must give concern above all their etiology,  that is their way of behaving. Knowing the behavior of these species means knowing how to take care of them.

The mammals

Dogs, cats, rabbits, horses, and others are all mammalian animals. They are warm-blooded animals capable of regulating body temperature on their own, and they are the animals that, by physiology and behavior, are most similar to us.

Taking care of a dog or cat is not difficult, because there are books and books that talk about it: It is certainly not difficult to learn to take care of them because they are self-sufficient animals.

A little different matter for rodents, such as hamsters, gerbils, chinchillas, rats, and then other animals such as guinea pigs, weasels, rabbits, ferrets, and even squirrels: all mammals.

The fundamental thing for these animals is to know their feeding and to interact with them accordingly, trying to keep them as much as possible in a natural situation for their ethology. An example?

The rabbit likes dark places, likes to gnaw, has to eat a lot of grass. If I have a rabbit and keep it on the terrace, it eats sunflower seeds once a day and has nothing to gnaw it will suffer more than we imagine.

So, if we want to take a mammal belonging to the “NAC”, New Companion Animals, let us know well before taking it.


The foregoing also applies to birds. It must be said that these animals are often more adaptable and need less care than mammals, so if you are at the first experience with a NAC, it is better to prefer a parrot to a mammal.

Essentially the needs of the birds concern the temperature (even if they are warm-blooded, many are exotic) and the cleanliness of the environment in which they live because they tend to eat everything, including their own feces.

This applies to both small birds ( parrots, canaries ) and large birds ( chickens, ducks) who obviously need a larger suitable environment.

So which breeds of animals are best suited for children?


The cat. Perhaps the animal most present in our homes. In general, he gets along well with children: they both love to play and be caressed. In addition, it requires less dog care, even if it is more independent. However, the child will have to understand that he cannot force a cat to play or pet him if he does not want to.

The dog. The memory of a dog is something indelible in a person’s life, especially if he had it in childhood. But be careful, because the adoption of a dog is a real commitment. You have to take it out three times a day and you can’t leave it on vacation or leave it alone for a long time. For its part, the dog will give him a lot of affection and will see his owner as his ‘sun’. For the choice of the most suitable breed of companion dogs for children, it is better to rely on a professional (veterinarian, breeder) and do not hesitate, in case of difficulty, to ask for advice from the canine educators.

The guinea pig. It is a tender and affectionate animal that ‘speaks’ a lot. It is therefore ideal for any child, even the most lonely. The guinea pig likes to be caressed and kissed, but it can be quite shy and taming it takes time and patience. He does not like loneliness and needs human attention and contact. This is an excellent choice for a child from 4 years of age, as long as the parents supervise him when handling the animal because it is very delicate.

The dwarf rabbit. Very sweet, it has the ability to calm the rowdiest children. He likes to snuggle in his arms. Affectionate, intelligent, curious, and very sociable, the dwarf rabbit is an ideal companion for the little ones, and is suitable for ages 4 and up.

The hamster. Very active, he loves climbing, running, and doing somersaults. Watching it is a real show, but it is not easy to handle. Being a nocturnal animal, he loves to move even at night. So, avoid putting it in your child’s room. Generally, children get tired of him quickly because he is a loner who does not seek contact and does not give pampering and affection.

The house mouse. Energetic, lively, intelligent, the house mouse is a small animal much appreciated by children. His mainly daytime activity makes him an interesting and communicative companion.

The rat. Given the repugnance that generally arouses in adults, it is not seen as an animal to entrust to a child. It is actually very pleasant, intelligent, and sociable. It is also very affectionate, even if a little fragile, it should, therefore, be handled with delicacy. Children and teenagers appreciate it very much.

The ferret. Do not let yourself be influenced by the fashion of these pets to give it to a child. The ferret is more suitable for adults and teenagers, due to its independent and unaffectionate character.

The fish. The aquarium needs constant and precise care, which is better suited to an adult or a teenager. The classic one or two fish ball may not be an option because it is not suitable for fish. These animals tend to die easily and need constant care, so be prepared to face the despair of your baby.

Where to buy pets

There are many options, which mostly depend on personal needs and the type of animal you are looking for. You can go to a pet shop, go to a specialized and certified farm, adopt a friend’s puppy, search for shelters for abandoned or abused animals, respond to advertisements on the internet and in newspapers.

Always remember to have your friend visit a  trusted veterinarian (yours not the one from the shop or breeding or friend), who checks their health, before buying it or taking it home.

Where the dead pets are brought

Unfortunately, our friends often have a much shorter life expectancy than that of Man, and death must be taken into account. When it happens, in addition to pain, practical aspects will also have to be addressed. Where to bring the spoils.

Only in the case of the dog, the law requires that a veterinarian be called to verify his death due to natural causes and styles, the death certificate if a microchip with his data is present. This certificate must be brought to the ASL  within 15 days of the death, to have it canceled from the registry.

For the cat and other small animals, however, no certificate is required.

Then you can decide what to do. There are various options.

  • Burying it in our own land is the first possibility, provided that death did not depend on infectious disease. It could, in fact, contaminate the aquifers. Dig a deep hole to prevent other animals from finding it and digging it up.
  • Bring him an animal cemetery. Some municipalities have prepared land to protect the remains of domestic animals whatever the cause of death, euthanasia, disease, accident, or natural causes. Serve always bought a death certificate.
  • Take it to the veterinarian who often has contracts with a company that deals with the cremation of animals that with a modest sum withdraws the lifeless animal, but generally does not return its ashes because it is collective, that is, it happens together with other deceased animals.
  • Take it to the crematorium where it will be cremated individually and then you can keep its ashes. there are various cities and they also offer the opportunity to witness the cremation.

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